Chateauneuf du Pape is the oldest geographically delimited wine production region in France; indeed, it is the prototype for the entire French appellation system. The name, which mean “the Pope’s new castle”, comes from the 14th Century when the Papacy moved to nearby Avignon. Thirteen grape are permitted here, but in practice Grenache dominates the reds with help from Mourvèdre and Syrah. Grenache needs heat, and this flat, dry sun soaked area allow it to ripen perfectly, aided by heat re-radiated by the large round stones, called galets, that litter the landscape. Chateauneuf also produces a small amount of full-bodied, luscious whites blended from a number of varieties but often featuring Roussanne.